Mfundo 7 Zofunika Pakusankha Dripper

Drip Irrigation Emitter - Buku Logula

Pali zisankho zambiri zoti musankhe pankhani ya drip drippers (nthawi zina amatchedwa emitters).Kuti musankhe yabwino kwambiri pa polojekiti yanu, muyenera kuganizira zinthu zingapo.Zinthuzi zikuphatikiza koma sizongowonjezera kubwezera kwapanikizi (pc) motsutsana ndi kubweza kwapang'onopang'ono, madzi akuda kapena olimba, kusintha kwa kukwera, komanso kusiyanasiyana kwamadzi pakati pa zomera.Mu bukhuli tikambirana chilichonse mwazinthu izi komanso mfundo zina zingapo mwatsatanetsatane.

Pressure Compensating vs. Non Pressure Compensating

Dripper yobwezera mphamvu ipereka madzi omwewo ku chomera chilichonse posatengera kusintha kwamphamvu mumthirira wothirira.Kudontha kopanda kukakamiza sikungathandizire kusintha kwa kuthamanga, motero si mbewu zanu zonse zomwe zidzalandira madzi ofanana.

Ndi chiyani chomwe chingayambitse kukwera kapena kutsika kwamphamvu mu ulimi wothirira wothirira?Machubu aatali kwambiri pamtunda kapena pamwamba pa galoni pa ola la kukula kwa chubu ndi/kapena kusintha kokwera.Ngati makina anu akugwiritsa ntchito machubu otalikirapo kapena atayikidwa pamtunda pomwe mtunda wasintha, ndiye kuti tikupangira kuti muchepetse mpweya wotulutsa mpweya.

Ngati Muli ndi Madzi Akuda kapena Olimba

Ngati madzi anu akuchokera kuchitsime, dziwe, mbiya yamvula, kapena malo ena omwe amatolera zinyalala, ndiye kuti tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudonthe madzi oyeretsedwa.Malangizowa amapitanso kwa aliyense amene ali ndi madzi olimba komanso omwe amawona kuti ma depositi akuwonjezeka.Ma drippers oyeretsedwa amatha kutsegulidwa ndikutsukidwa.Ngati mutagwiritsa ntchito dripper yomwe sichitha kutsukidwa, ndipo ikadatsekeka, muyenera kusintha dripper yonse, chifukwa palibe njira yoyeretsera.Madontho oyeretsedwa amalola kuti mutu wa dripper usasunthike kuchokera pansi pa dripper kotero kuti orifice akhoza kutsukidwa pa sikelo iliyonse kapena zinyalala zomwe zikutsekereza kutuluka kwa madzi.

Kutsetsereka ndi Kusintha kwa Makwerero

Kutsetsereka ndi kusintha kwa kukwera kumatha kusintha kupanikizika mkati mwa njira yothirira madzi.Izi zitha kusintha kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe amachokera ku dripper iliyonse mudongosolo.Ngati izi sizikukuderani, ndiye kuti mutha kugwiritsa ntchito dripper iliyonse yomwe mumakonda.Komabe, ngati mukuthirira pamalo otsetsereka ndipo mukufuna kuti mbewu zonse zomwe zili m'dongosololi zilandire madzi ofanana, ndiye kuti tikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito dripper yolipira.

Kulumikiza Drippers ku PVC Pipe

Kwa aliyense amene akufuna kuyika ma emitters mwachindunji mu PVC, emitter ya ulusi ikufunika.Ma emitter a barbed sangalumikizane mwachindunji ndi PVC.Ma emitters athu opangidwa ndi ulusi ndi ulusi ¼ ” zonse zili pa ulusi wa 10-32.Kuti mugwiritse ntchito izi, mutha kungodinanso PVC yanu ndi kakulidwe koyenera kakubowola ndikupukuta mu emitter kapena koyenera.Mutha kumenya PVC, ndikumangirira ulusi, ndikuyika utali wa machubu ang'onoang'ono ndikuyika chotsitsa chaminga kumapeto kwa chubu.

Ma Dripper ovomerezeka:Adjustable Dripper pa Threads, Mini Bubbler pa Threads kapena Vortex Sprayer pa Ulusi

Ma Dripper a Mabasiketi Opachikika

Wotulutsa aliyense atha kugwira ntchito iyi.Komabe, pali zinthu zingapo zofunika kuziganizira.Choyamba, ndikofunikira kuti emitter ikhale pamwamba pa dengu.Pazimenezi timalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito chokwera cholimba m'malo mwa micro-tubing (micro-tubing imatha kupindika ndikuyika chodonthezera m'mphepete mwa dengu).Kuti muyike emitter mu chokwera cholimba, chowongolera cha ulusi chimafunika, kotero kuti chotsitsa pamizere 10-32 chimakondedwa.Kachiwiri, mabasiketi olendewera amakhetsa mwachangu kwambiri, kotero dripper yomwe imatha kutulutsa madzi ambiri mwachangu imafunika.Tapeza dripper yabwino kukhala dripper yathu yosinthika pa ulusi 10/32.Monga bonasi, dripper imatha kusinthidwa njira yonse yotsekedwa, ngati pakufunika.

Dripper yovomerezeka:360 Adjustable Dripper pa Ulusi

Mitsuko Yothirira

Mayendedwe a kuthirira kwa zomera m'zotengera adzakhala osiyana ndi a zomera pansi.Dothi lomwe nthawi zambiri limagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mitsuko ndikuyika dothi, ndipo dothi loyikapo silikhala ndi mphamvu ya capillary.Tanthauzo lake ndikuti madzi amayenda pang'ono mopingasa kuchokera pamwamba mpaka pansi pa chidebecho.Kuphatikiza apo, mizu yobzala m'mitsuko imauma mwachangu kuposa mizu yobzalidwa pansi.Tawona kuti ndondomeko yothirira madzi m'mitsuko idzawoneka ngati 2-4 pa tsiku kwa mphindi 1-2 nthawi iliyonse.

Posankha emitter ya zotengera zanu, muyenera kuganizira zomwe zili pamwambapa.Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito dripper iliyonse yomwe timagulitsa, koma kutengera mtundu wa emitter, mungafunike kuwonjezera zodontha zina kuti mutsimikizire kuti madzi ali bwino.Mungafunikenso kuwonjezera mtengo kuti muyike zotulutsa m'malo mwake kuti zisagwe mumphika.

Cholinga chachikulu posankha emitter ndikupeza kufalikira kwa mizu yabwino.Izi ndi zoona mosasamala kanthu za kumene mbewuyo yabzalidwa.Monga tanena kale, dothi loyika mbiya limakhala ndi vuto la capillary, chifukwa chake mumangonyowa pang'ono 6" padontho lililonse.Ngati mphika wanu ndi wawung'ono, ndiye kuti dripper imodzi ndiyabwino, koma ngati mphika wanu ndi wawukulu, muyenera kudziwa kuti ndi mfundo zingati zomwe mungafunikire kuti mutseke mizu yabwino.

Timagulitsa ma drip spikes omwe ali ndi dripper yomangidwira pamtengo, yomwe imatha kumasulira kukhala ndalama zenizeni ngati muli ndi miphika yambiri yothirira.Pachidebe chomwe chili ndi mainchesi 6-8, dontho limodzi liyenera kugwira ntchito.Pamiphika yayikulu mungafunike kuyika zodontha zingapo mumtsuko kuti muthe kuthirira bwino mbewuyo.Ngati mphikawo ndi waukulu kwambiri ndipo mkati mwake muli chomera chosowa madzi, ndiye kuti tikupangira imodzi mwamadontho athu osinthika pamtengo.

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Kulinganiza Dothi Lothirira Mthirira Mukamagwiritsa Ntchito Madontho Osinthika

Chimodzi mwazovuta zazikulu pakukhazikitsa njira yothirira kudontha ndikulinganiza zofunikira zakuthirira zamitundu yosiyanasiyana.Izi zitha kuchitika mwa njira ziwiri: mutha kupanga madera osiyana kuthirira ngati mbewu, kapena mutha kusankha ma drip emitter osiyanasiyana potengera zomwe mbewu zimafunikira kuthirira pagawo.

Mwachitsanzo, tiyerekeze kuti muli ndi zomera ziwiri pamzere wothirira womwewo;chomera chimodzi chimafuna nthaka yonyowa pang'ono, ndipo china chimafuna chinyezi chokhazikika.Pamenepa titha kupangira chotulutsa chotulutsa monga .5 GPH (magaloni pa ola) batani lodontha pachomera choyamba ndi chodontha chosinthika cha mbewu yachiwiri.Kudonthola batani kumangopereka ndalama zoyendetsedwa, pomwepa theka la galoni pa ola, koma chotsitsa chosinthika, kutengera mtundu womwe wasankhidwa, chikhoza kufikitsa 20 GPH.Ma drippers awa amatha kusinthika mwa kungopotoza pamwamba pa dripper kuchokera kutsekedwa mpaka kutsegulidwa kwathunthu ndi mfundo zonse pakati.

Ma dripper osinthika amabwera pamlingo wothamanga kwambiri wa 10 ndi 20 GPH.Chenjezo limodzi apa ndikuti awa amadya madzi ambiri, ndiye yesetsani kuwagwiritsa ntchito mosamalitsa, chifukwa ambiri atha kukulitsa misonkho yanu.Chotsatira chake ndi chakuti pofananiza dripper ndi zofunikira zothirira zomera, mumatha kuthirira bwino zomera zomwe zili ndi zofunikira zosiyanasiyana zakuthirira zonse pamzere womwewo.

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Nthawi yotumiza: May-05-2022