Momwe mungathirire minda ya zipatso za maapulo

Kuthirira ndikofunikira kuti mubzale kwambiri dimba.Chinyezi cha nthaka chiyenera kukhala 70-80% ya mphamvu ya munda.Kumwa madzi kwa zomera kumadalira zinthu zingapo: - Meteorological makhalidwe a chaka

- zaka zobzala
- kubzala kachulukidwe
- makhalidwe a mitengo
- Dothi Kasungidwe ka Dothi

Kuthirira pamwamba (pamphepete mwa ngalande, mbale, mitsinje)

* Pamphepete mwa nyanja.

Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera ouma omwe ali ndi malo athyathyathya.Kuzama kwa ngalande ndi 15-25 cm, m'lifupi ndi 35 cm, ndipo chakudya sayenera kupitirira 1-2 malita / sekondi.Kuti njira yothirira iyi ikhale yogwira mtima, ndikofunikira kukonzekera bwino malowa.

*Pa mbiya.

Pozungulira mtengo uliwonse, pukutani nthaka yotalika 25 cm kuti mupange mbale yokhala ndi mainchesi 2-6.Mbale iliyonse imadyetsedwa ndi sprinkler.Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera otsetsereka chifukwa kuthirira kwa mizere sikuthandiza.Kuthirira kosefukira.Njira imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'minda yomwe ili ndi dothi lamatope.Amapanga zingwe zotalika mamita 100-300 ndikuzitsekera ndi dothi lodzigudubuza.Mizere iyi imapereka madzi kwa maola 2-24, malingana ndi kutsekemera kwa nthaka.

* Kuwaza madzi

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito osati kungonyowetsa nthaka, komanso kunyowetsa mpweya m'minda.Kuphatikiza apo, zimathandizira kuchotsa zoletsa za photosynthesis, zomwe zimachitika pa kutentha pamwamba pa +35 digiri.Kuthirira kwa mthirira kumodzi kumasiyana pakati pa 300-500 m3/ha.Kuipa kwa njirayi ndi madontho akuluakulu, kotero amayesa kuchepetsa.Pazifukwa izi, sprinkler zofananira za pulse zotulutsa tsiku lililonse za 10-80 m3 / ha zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.Kutalika kwa kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi masiku 2-15.

kubalalitsidwa njira
Thirirani munda wa zipatso ndi madzi opopera bwino.Madonthowo ndi ma microns 100-500 kukula, ndipo madzi amaperekedwa kwa mphindi zingapo mphindi 20-60 zilizonse, kutengera kukula kwa evaporation.

Kuthirira M'nthaka

Madzi amalowa m'mabowo omwe mapaipi aikidwamo.Ubwino wa njirayi kuposa njira zina ndikuti kutaya madzi kumachotsedwa kwathunthu.Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kuphatikiza ulimi wothirira ndi ntchito zina zaulimi.

drip ulimi wothirira

Kudontha kwa ulimi wothirira m'minda ya zipatso ya apulo kumakhala kupereka madzi ku mizu yodutsa kudzera mu makina okhazikika a chitoliro cha drippers.Chotsitsacho chimayikidwa pamtunda pamtunda wa mita imodzi kuchokera pamtengo.Madzi amadzimadzi amachitika pafupipafupi kapena mosalekeza komanso pang'onopang'ono pamphamvu ya 1-3 bar.Mipope imatha kukhala pamtunda, pamwamba pa nthaka - pamtunda wa thunthu pa trellis kapena m'nthaka mozama masentimita 30-35.Pakuti kuthirira achinyamata wandiweyani minda ndi wamkulu minda.Masiku ano, ndi njira yabwino kwambiri komanso yotsika mtengo ya ulimi wothirira pakugwiritsa ntchito madzi.

 

Kwa ulimi wothirira m'minda ya zipatso za maapulo,mipope yothirira kudonthaokhala ndi magawo amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri:

Chitoliro khoma makulidwe 35 - 40mils;
Kutalika kwa dontho 0.5 - 1m, kutengera ndondomeko yobzala mitengo;
Kutulutsa kwamadzi kumatengera nthawi yothirira komanso kuchuluka kwa malo opopera.

Ubwino wa ulimi wothirira kudontha m'minda ya zipatso za maapulo
Kuthirira kwadontho kuli ndi zabwino zambiri kuposa njira zina:

Kutaya madzi otsika (nthawi 1.5) ndi evaporation ndi osmosis.
Imasunga chinyezi chambiri m'nthaka mosasinthasintha komanso molingana.
Imateteza dongosolo la dothi ndikuletsa mawonekedwe a nthaka.
Kupatula kusefukira kwa madzi komanso kuthira mchere m'nthaka.
Ndikopanda ndalama zambiri kuyambitsa ma mineral minerals kudzera mu dropper chifukwa yankho limalowa mwachindunji muzone.Nthawi yomweyo, kuchuluka kwa feteleza kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupifupi 80%.
Kuthekera kwa ulimi wothirira zokha.

Features wa kuthirira apulo minda ya zipatso
Dongosolo la ulimi wothirira liyenera kugwirizana ndi zosowa za madzi za zomera panthawi ya kukula ndi chitukuko.Chizindikiro chachikulu cha kayendetsedwe ka ulimi wothirira ndi mlingo wa ulimi wothirira.Pozindikira, m'pofunika kuganizira zakuthupi za chinyezi cha nthaka, makhalidwe a mbewu zolimidwa, ndi njira zothirira.Malingana ndi kayendetsedwe ka ulimi wothirira, mlingo wa ulimi wothirira umasinthanso.Zimakulolani kuti mupange kusowa kwa madzi.Podziwa momwe madzi amagwiritsidwira ntchito panthawi yakukula, mlingo wa ulimi wothirira ukhoza kuwerengedwa.Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito njira yapadera.Kugwiritsa ntchito madzi kwathunthu kumadalira nthaka ndi nyengo ya dera.

nthawi yothirira
Madeti a ulimi wothirira amaphatikizidwa ndi magawo ofunikira kwambiri a nyengo yakukula:

- pachimake
- kukula kwa masamba
- mazira asanagwe mu June
- Kukula kwa zipatso mwachangu

Chifukwa cha kusiyana kwakukulu kwa nthaka ndi nyengo m'madera onse, palinso kusiyana kwakukulu kwa kayendetsedwe ka ulimi wothirira.Miyezo ndi mikhalidwe ya ulimi wothirira imatsimikiziridwa ndikuwona momwe nthaka ilili chinyezi ndi kupezeka kwake ku zomera, zomwe zimatengera kukula kwa dothi.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-10-2022